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Recommended Acts in the First 10 Days of DhulHijjah

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1. Dzikrullah

"…and to mention Allaah’s name [plentifully] on Known days." [al-Hajj, verse 28]

Ibn 'Umar رضي الله عنه‎ narrated from the Prophet:
"...so increase in these days the Tahleel and Takbeer and Tahmeed". [Reported by Ahmad, 7/224; Ahmad Shaakir stated that it is saheeh]

Ibn 'Umar and Abu Hurayrah رضي الله عنهم that:
 "the two of them used to go out to the market place. During the ten days (of Dhul-Hijjah) saying 'Allaahu-Akbar', causing the people to also say it." [Recorded by al-Imâm al-Bukhârî]

It is Sunnah to say tahlîl, takbîr, tahmîd and tasbîh (“Subhaan Allaah”) during the first ten days of Dhu’l-Hijjah, and to say it loudly in the mosque, the home, the street and every place where it is permitted to remember Allaah and mention His name out loud, as an act of worship and as a proclamation of the greatness of Allaah, may He be exalted. (Women should recite them quietly)

The takbîr may include the following, as narrated by the companions and their followers:
- Allahu akbar, allahu akbar, allahu akbar kabîrun.
- Allahu akbar, allahu akbar, lâ ilaha illallah, wallahu akbar, wallahu akbar, wa lillahil hamd.
- Allahu akbar, allahu akbar, allahu akbar, lâ ilaha illallah, wallahu akbar, allahu akbar wa lillâhil hamd.



2. Fasting

Hanbada ibn Khâlid رضي الله عنه‎ reports on the authority of his wife who reports that some of the wives of the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم‎ said:
“The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم‎ would fast on the ninth of Dhul-Hijjah, the day of Âshûra and three days in every month.” [Recorded by Ahmad, Abu Dâwûd, an-Nisâî and others; classified by al-Albaani as saheeh in Saheeh Abu Dâwûd, 2/462)

Al-Imâm an-Nawawî رحمه الله said that fasting in these ten days is extremely recommended.

Abu Qataadah رضي الله عنه‎ said that the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم‎ said:
"Fasting the Day of 'Arafah will be credited with Allaah by forgiving one's sins of
the previous year and the following year.” [Recorded by Imâm Muslim]

3. Sacrifice

Allaah mentioned the sacrifice together with the first and foremost worship in Islaam: prayer. This is a clear indication of its great importance.
“…Pray unto your Lord and slaughter [your sacrifice]…” [Al Kauthar, verse 2]

The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم‎ slaughtered two horned rams, black and white in colour, and that he slaughtered them with his own hands, mentioned the name of Allaah Most High (saying Bismillaah), said Takbeer (Allaahu-Akbar), and placed his foot on their sides (while slaughtering them). [Recorded by Imâm Bukhârî and Muslim]

4. Avoid Cutting Hair and Nails

The one who plans to sacrifice (normally, the head of household) is prohibited to cut his hair or nails from the first Dhul Hijjah until he offers the sacrifice.

The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم‎ said:
“Once the ten days start, for those of you who have the intention to sacrifice, let them not cut any of their hair or nails (until they sacrifice)." [Recorded by Imâm Muslim with four isnaads, 13/146]

5. Perform the obligatory acts at their prescribed times,increase in performing voluntary righteous deeds, making sincere repentance and abstaining from disobedience

O you whose hard heart is as dark as the night,
Is it not time that your heart was filled with light and became soft?
Expose yourself to the gentle breeze of your Lord’s mercy during these ten days,
For Allaah will cause this breeze to touch whomever He wills,
And whoever is touched by it will be happy on the Day of Judgement.
May Allaah bless our Prophet Muhammad and all his Family and Companions.


References:
1) The Superiority of the First Ten Days of Dhul-Hijjah by Shaykh ibn al-Uthaymeen
2) The Superiority & Virtue Of The First 10 Days of Dhul-Hijjah & The Deeds Legislated In These Days by Shaykh Abdullah bin Jibreen
3) Virtues of the Ten Days of Dhul Hijjah by Shaykh Muhammad Salih al-Munajjid
4) The Blessed Days Of Dhul-Hijjah by Shaykh Muhammad Al-Jibaaly
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