AQD018E: al-'Uluw - From the Sacred Texts of al-Quran

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Verily, all praises be to Allah, we praise Him, seek His Help and Forgiveness, we seek refuge with Allah from our evil behaviour and bad deeds, whoever Allah has guided none can make him go astray and whoever Allah has made deviated none can guide him. I bear witness that there is no God worthy of worship except Allah, no associate with Him and I testify that Muhammad is indeed His servant and His Messenger.

Amma ba’d - what follows:

"O ye who believe! fear Allah, and (always) say a word directed to the Right: That He may make your conduct whole and sound and forgive you your sins: he that obeys Allah and His Messenger, has already attained the highest Achievement." [al-Ahzab: 33:70-71]

As we have understood, from the teachings of Salafussolih, our pious predecessors, among them al-Qadi AbuYusuf (d: 182H), al-Hafiz Ibn Mandah (d: 395H), Ibn Battah al-‘Ukbariy (d: 387H) and others, at-Tawhied is classified into 3 categories; ar-Rububiyah, al-Uluhiyah and al-Asma’ wa as-Sifat. One of the Attributes (Sifat) of Allah is al-‘Uluw, meaning High, Exalted and Elevated above His creations. This Divine and Sacred Attribute of Allah is in two forms; Since we have understood that He is as He the Most High described Himself: “There is nothing like unto Him – ليس كمثله شيء” (al-Qur’an: asy-Syura: 42:11) with regards to His Divine Attributes or in simple words: Whatever description we use to describe Him, The Exalted, is in reality not the same to the descriptions of His creations except by the meaning of the words literally. His Attributes are Most Perfect and Distinct.

i. ‘Uluw as-Sifat (علو الصفات) ie. His Divine Attributes and

ii. ‘Uluw adz-Dzat (علو الذات) His Supreme Being/Self

We focus now on the other aspect: ‘Uluw adz-Dzat. As we fear for ourselves to fall into transgressions and the evils of heresy, we steadfast to the methodology of Salafussolih, taking our ‘Aqeedah/Beliefs from the very teachings of al-Quran, the Sunnah, both together with understanding and interpretation of the pious predecessor scholars; namely the Companions (Sahabah), their disciples, the Successors (at-Tabi‘un), their Followers (Atba‘ at-Tabi‘ien) and those who follow their path, the path of as-Sunnah, the True, real and Authentic Ahlis Sunnah wal Jama‘ah, preserved by Allah the Almighty until the End of Time.

His Divine Being is elevated above His creations according to the Texts of al-Quran, the Authentic Sunnah of His Messenger and the Concensus/Ijma‘ of the True Scholars, those who inherit the Knowledge of the Messenger, as well as Fitrah; the intrinsic nature inborn in each human soul granted and ordained by Allah.

1. With the wording  “al-‘Uluw” (al-A‘la dan al-‘Aliyy):

Glorify the name of the Guardian-Lord Most High. [al-A‘la:1]

He feels no fatigue in guarding and preserving them for He is the Most High, the Supreme (in glory). [al-Baqarah:255]

2. With the diction “Up in (above) The Skies”

then He elevated, rose over (istiwa’) towards the sky. [al-Baqarah:29]

3. With the wording “above - فوق”

He is the Irresistible (Supreme), above His servants; and He is the All-Wise, Well-Acquainted with all things. [al-An‘am:18]

4. With the wording “rose over – Istiwa’ His Throne or the Sky

Surely, your Lord is Allah Who created the heavens and the earth in six Days and then rose over the Throne (really in a manner that suits His Majesty, disposing the affair of all things…[Yunus:3]

The Most Gracious (Allah) rose over (istwa’) the (Mighty) Throne (in a manner that suits His Majesty). [Taha:5]

5. With the wording “ascend – العروج”

The angels and the Spirit/Ruh (Jibriel) ascend to Him in a Day the measure whereof is (as) fifty thousand years. [al-Ma‘arij:4]

6. With the diction “rise – الصعود”

To Him mount up (rise) (all) words of Purity, goodly words: it is He Who exalts each Deed of Righteousness. [Fatir:10]

7. With the word: “elevate -  رفع”

And (remember) when Allah said: "O ‘Isa (Jesus)! I will take you and raise/elevate you to Myself and clear you (of the forged statement that ‘Isa (Jesus) is Allah’s son) of those who disbelieve..." [Al-‘Imran:55]

To Him mount up (rise) (all) words of Purity, goodly words: it is He Who exalts/elevate each Deed of Righteousness. [Fatir:10]

8. With the opposite of ascend, that is descend from Him, a proof that He is up Above.

The revelation of this Book is from Allah, the Exalted in Power, Full of Wisdom. [az-Zumar:1]

Say, (O Muhammad) Ruhul Qudus (the Holy Spirit – Jibriel) has brought it (the revelation – al-Qur’an) down from your Lord with Truth, in order to strengthen those who believe, and as a Guide and Glad Tidings to Muslims. [an-Nahl:102]

Verily this (the Quran) is a Revelation from the Lord of the worlds: Which the trustworthy Ruh (Jibriel) has brought down upon your heart (O Muhammad), that you may be one of the warners, in the plain Arabic language.. [asy-Syu‘ara’:192-195]

Translated By: Ustadz Abu Mazaaya
Source: Sifatu ‘Uluw al-‘Aliyi al-‘Afuw





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