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AQD019E: Shalawat Badriyah

The text of Shalawat Badriyah is as follows.

Shalatullah salamullah ‘ala thaha rasulillah
Shalatullah salamullah ‘ala yaasiin habibillah
Tawasalnaa bibismillah wa bil hadi rasulillah
Wa kulli majahidi fillah
Bi ahlil badri ya Allah

Meaning in English:

Praise of Allah and His Salutation upon Thaha Rasulullah
Praise of Allah and His Salutation upon Yasin Habibillah
We seek intercession with the Names of Allah and the Rightly Guided Rasulullah
And with every mujahid in the path of Allah
And the people of Badr, ya Allah

Even for those who are upon the opinion that texts of shalawat by any Muslim scholar may be followed and practised, this particular text of Shalawat Badriyah does not meet basic requirements. There exist a few issues with the text of Shalawat Badriyah as follows.

1) Seeking intercession with Rasulullah
2) Seeking intercession with every mujahid and the people (mujahids) of Badr
3) Using "Thaha" and "Yasin" as the names of Rasulullah

Seeking for Intercession with Rasulullah

It is reported in Sahih Al-Bukhari, that ‘Umar Ibn Al-Khattab (May Allah be pleased with him) used to ask Al-Abbas to supplicate to Allah to give them rain saying, “O Allah! We used to ask our Prophet (peace be upon him), to ask You for rain, and You blessed us with rain, and now we ask his uncle to ask You for rain, Al-`Abbas then supplicated to Allah Most High and it rained.” It is clear then that they used to ask him to invoke Allah on their behalf during his lifetime and thus they were to be given rain.

Tawassul, here, means that they used to ask the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) to ask Allah for rain and other interests. After the death of the Prophet (peace be upon him), they used to ask Al-`Abbas to ask Allah on their behalf.

It is reported in the Sahih, however, on the authority of Anas Ibn Malik (may Allah be pleased with him) that:

“A person entered the mosque on Friday through the gate facing the Dar Al-Qada’ and Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him), was delivering the Khutbah (sermon). The man stood in front of the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him), and said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, livestock are dead and the roads are cut off; Please pray to Allah to withhold rain.’ Anas added, ‘Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him), raised both his hands and said,

‘O Allah, let it rain around us but not on us. O Allah, Let it rain on the plateaus, on the mountains, on the hills, in the valleys and on the plantations.’ Anas added, “The rain stopped and we came out, walking in the sun.”

The hadith has a clear indication that the man said, “Please pray to Allah to withhold rain.”

Thus the Companions have NEVER asked Allah through the intermediary of His Prophet in his absence, after his death or in front of his grave or in front of any other grave.

If it were permitted to supplicate to Allah through His Prophet (peace be upon him), after his death, the Companions (May Allah be pleased with them) would never abandon it and ask Al`Abbas to ask Allah on their behalf saying, “… and now we ask his uncle to ask You for rain.” Glory be to Allah, if there was any goodness, they would have gone to it before us.


Seeking Intercession with Sholiheen

Often, one of the evidences used to permit supplications towards religious figures, especially their favourite shaykhs and seeking their intercession, would be the story of al-Imam ash-Shaafi'ee seeking intercession at the grave of al-Imam Abu Haneefah.


The source of this story can be found in Al-Kawtharee's Maqaalaat. Al-Kawtharee's works have been heavily criticised by many scholars for intellectual deceit and for extreme insults towards past scholars including making takfir of Imam Abdallah bin Ahmad bin Hanbal, Imam ad-Darimi, Imam Ibn Taymiyyah, Imam Ibn al-Qayyim and others.

Imam Ibn Taymiyyah mentioned about this false narration in Iqtidaa as-Siraat al-Mustaqeem (p.165):

"This is a lie, and its being a lie is self-evident to anyone who has knowledge about (historical) narratives. For when ash-Shaafi'ee arrived in Baghdaad there was no specific grave that was frequented for making supplication. Indeed, this practice was not even known in the time of ash-Shaafi'ee. Moreover, ash-Shaafi'ee had seen in al-Hijaaz, Yemen, Syria, Iraaq and Egypt graves of the Prophets, the Companions and the Taabi'een. The inmates of such graves were to ash-Shaafi'ee - as well as to other Muslims -- greater in merit than Abu Haneefah and the Scholars of his level. So how is it that he offered supplication only at the grave of Abu Haneefah?!

Also, those of the students of Abu Haneefah who lived to see ash-Shaafi'ee - such as Abu Yoosuf, Muhammad, Zafar, al-Hasan ibn Ziyaad and others - did not used to offer supplication at the grave of Abu Haneefah, nor anyone else's grave. Furthermore, it is established from the books of ash-Shaafi'ee himself, that he hated the veneration of graves out of fear of it causing fitnah (corruption). Thus stories such as this are fabricated by those who lack both knowledge and Deen, or they are related by those who are unknown and obscure."


Conclusion

Supplicating towards or seeking intercession from the prophets and pious people is one of the means that can lead to Shirk over time, as has been proved by reality and the human experience. There are many evidences in the Qur'an and Sunnah that authoritatively affirm that Sadd-ul-Dhara'i` (blocking the means) leading to Shirk and forbidden acts, is one of the objectives of the Shari`ah, as Allah (may He be Exalted) says: Surah Al-An`am , Verse 108: "And insult not those whom they (disbelievers) worship besides Allah, lest they insult Allah wrongfully without knowledge. Thus We have made fair-seeming to each people its own doings; then to their Lord is their return and He shall then inform them of all that they used to do."

The origins of shirk as narrated by the Qur'an was the excessive reverence towards pious people from the people of Prophet Nuh 'alayhissalaam.

Allah (may He be Exalted) says: Surah Nuh, Verse 23: "And they have said : You shall not forsake your gods, nor shall you forsake Wadd, nor Suwaa', nor Yaghooth, nor Ya'ooq, nor Nasr."

It has been related by a group from the Salaf (Pious Predecessors), in many narrations, that these five deities were pious people. However, when they died, Satan whispered into their people to retreat and sit at their graves. Then Satan whispered to those who came after them that they should take them as idols, so that they will be reminded of them and thereby follow them in righteous conduct. Then Satan suggested to the third generation that they should worship these idols besides Allah - the most high - and he whispered to them that this is what their forefathers used to do!

The religion is complete. Suffice with what our beloved Prophet has taught to us. What right does one have to claim one's love towards the Prophet with celebrations, mass chanting and singing, while one still hold their shaykh's practices more dear than that of the Prophet?!

Allahumma shalli 'ala Muhammad
Wa 'ala ali Muhammad
Kama shallaita 'ala Ibrahim
Wa 'ala ali Ibrahim
Wa barik 'ala Muhammad
Wa 'ala ali Muhammad
Kama barakta 'ala Ibrahim
Wa ' ala ali Ibrahim
Fil a'lamina Innakahamidun Majid

Allahu a'lam
3 comments:

Bismillah

Para sahabat Radhiallahu 'Anhum Jami'ian seperti Abu Said Al-Khudri, Ka'ab Bin 'Ujrah, Basyir Bin Sa'ad adalah contoh dari kalangan sahabat yang dijamin syorga( Surah 9:100), dari bangsa Arab Quraisy, mereka champion bahasa Arab, yang PALING cinta Nabi, PALING faham agama, PALING tamak untuk ibadah, tiada bandingan sampai hari kiamat, tetapi mereka tidak sambut maulud dan tidak BERANI nak cipta 'selawat' berbagai ragam, tapi mereka bertanya sendiri kepada Nabi Sallallahu 'Alaihi Wasallam bagaimana nak selawat dalam Tafsir Ibn Katsir Surah 33 Ayat 56.

Begitulah juga para imam manhaj salafussoleh dalam zaman Tabi'in dan Tabi'ut Tabi'in seperti Imam Hanafi, Maliki, Syafi'i dan Hanbali Rahimahumullah, mereka tidak pernah ajar sambut maulud dan tidak BERANI buat bid'ah cipta 'selawat' sebagai tanda cinta Nabi yg mulia Sallallahu 'Alaihi Wasallam.

Mereka yang buat bid'ah cipta dan promosi 'selawat' badriayah, nariyah, diba'ie, berzanzi, ratib, zikir tariqat sufi, yang penuh dengan unsur syirik, taklid buta, ta'asub dan berbau Syi'ah jelas telah terpesong jauh dari ajaran Sunnah serta di ancam dengan azab oleh Surah 4 ayat 115 Tafsir Ibn Katsir, Na'uzubillah.


IslamIQ, boleh tak diterjemahkan artikel ini ke dlm bahasa Melayu supaya dpt diberi pd 'org lama' yg tak mahir bah. English utk dibaca..dgn harapan terbukak minda dan terketuk pintu hati mrk?


Insha Allah, akan diusahakan nanti.


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